Rollin Virgile adjusts a dress for a young woman who drove from Key West to visit his store. Photo Credit: Nadege Green
Rollin Virgile walks through his store amid dozens of weddings dresses, white floral crowns, men’s tuxedo vests and baptism gowns. He greets customers in Creole: “Bonswa, koman nou ye?” (Good afternoon, how are you all?) Virgile has been in the same location, at Northeast 82nd street and Second Avenue — the heart of Miami’s Little Haiti neighborhood — for 32 years. His store, Virgile’s Tuxedo & Formal Wear, is a go-to for Miami’s Haitian community, where customers can rent a tuxedo, robe bridesmaids or find first communion accoutrements.
But now the store must move. The commercial building and another across the street were recently sold to developer Thomas Conway, who also owns a nearby food hall and a co-working space. Conway has asked most of the businesses, nearly a dozen, to move so that he can transform the two strip malls. The business owners said Conway has given them about 30 days to leave.
On a recent afternoon, Virgile shared the news with customer Daniella Eugene, who drove up from Key West to show here.
“There’s a new owner,” he said. “And they want us out. It’s a shock to us all.”
Little Haiti, a once predominantly Haitian enclave, has seen a burst of new development and interest from real estate investors and developers because of its central location in Miami. New projects are underway in the neighborhood, rent prices are soaring and Haitian business owners, such as those in the two buildings Conway plans to rehab, said that they are being pushed out. Some residents also believe that the threat of climate change is a factor as well.
Conway did not respond to several requests for comment.
Many of the businesses were operating with month-to-month leases and, in Florida, a landlord is allowed to give a 15-day notice to terminate a lease.
Pierre-Richard Maximilien, who runs a travel agency in one of the complexes, said he wrote Conway a rent check, only to have it returned a few days later with no explanation. Then he got court papers saying he was facing eviction for not paying rent. “He’s just killing the Haitian businesses and what we’re doing for the community because we’re serving the community,” said Maximilien, who has been renting his space for nine years.
Maximilien said he asked Conway about returning after the mall rehab is complete and was told his rent would increase significantly. “I said, ‘How much higher?’ He couldn’t tell me exactly.”
Jorge Isaac, an attorney representing Conway, said his client denies claims that he did not accept rent payments from the tenants.
Several other business owners at the complex raised the same issue at a press conference in April, where they denounced one of the largest evictions of Haitian-owned businesses in Little Haiti.
One of the signs in Creole read: “We want to pay. Thomas Conway doesn’t want to collect.”
“To me, this is gentrification at its worst right now,” said Cartine Vilson, a community organizer with Family Action Network Movement, a nonprofit that works with Haitian businesses and homeowners in the area.
Vilson said Miami must decide how to save small businesses from commercial gentrification to preserve neighborhood identity and the financial livelihood of business owners who invested in communities before they became trendy. “Do we count or do we not count?” she asked at the press conference. “We count and we need to be heard. We matter.”
A few blocks south, a Little Haiti thrift store also called a press conference when it shuttered its doors late last year. Schiller Sanon owned the Little Haiti Thrift and Gift Store at Northeast 59th Street and Second Avenue for six years. He blamed a lack of foot traffic in the area coupled with ballooning rent costs for bringing down his business. “We wanted to be part of the well-being of the Haitian community, and it didn’t happen,” Sanon-Jules said.
At the strip mall on 82nd street that was recently purchased, Jean Luca is sweeping in front of the storefronts. He does odd jobs for several of the Haitian businesses. Sometimes he gets picked up as a dishwasher in one of the restaurants. He said he knows in a month or two the Haitian businesses he relies on to eke out a day-to-day living will be gone. “I don’t think the new businesses will hire me,” he said. “A person like me won’t get any work here anymore.”
Some of the business owners said that they are struggling to find new commercial space to relocate.
Marie-Janine Desir owns a variety store that sells clothes, lotion, pots and produce. “I can’t find anything in this area,” said Desir, who lives in Little Haiti and doesn’t have a car. She said that she walks to work; at lunch she leaves to check on her disabled daughter, who is in the care of an in-home nurse. She said if she doesn’t find a place to rent she’ll have to put her inventory in storage. “That will kill my business,” she said. “I won’t be making any money. How am I supposed to live?”
Virgile, the tuxedo and formal wear store owner, said it is heartbreaking to leave Little Haiti, the only place he has worked for 32 years. The most affordable space he could find was in North Miami, about 15 minutes away. He expects to lose some of his customer base in the move, he said.
“It’s a lot to deal with as a business owner, but I have to pack up and go,” said Virgile. “I won’t be in Little Haiti anymore.”
This piece originally appeared on WLRN.
By Nadege Green for PRI.org | May 23, 2018